IMD Releases 2014 World Competitiveness Yearbook Rankings
IMD, a top-ranked global business school based in Switzerland, today announced its annual world competitiveness rankings. IMB ranks 60 economies and looks at perceptions of each country as a place to do business.
“The overall competitiveness story for 2014 is one of continued success in the U.S., partial recovery in Europe, and struggles for some large emerging markets,” says Professor Arturo Bris, director of the IMD World Competitiveness Center. “There is no single recipe for a country to climb the competitiveness rankings, and much depends on the local context.”
Highlights of the 2014 ranking:
The United States retains the No. 1 spot in 2014, reflecting the resilience of its economy, better employment numbers, and its dominance in technology and infrastructure.
There are no big changes among the top 10. Small economies such as Switzerland (2), Singapore (3) and Hong Kong (4) continue to prosper thanks to exports, business efficiency and innovation.
Europe fares better than last year, thanks to its gradual economic recovery. Denmark (9) enters the top 10, joining Switzerland, Sweden (5), Germany (6) and Norway (10). Among Europe’s peripheral economies, Ireland (15), Spain (39) and Portugal (43) all rise, while Italy (46) and Greece (57) fall.
Japan (21) continues to climb in the rankings, helped by a weaker currency that has improved its competitiveness abroad. Elsewhere in Asia, both Malaysia (12) and Indonesia (37) make gains, while Thailand (29) falls amid political uncertainty.
Most big emerging markets slide in the rankings as economic growth and foreign investment slow and infrastructure remains inadequate. China (23) falls, partly owing to concerns about its business environment, while India (44) and Brazil (54) suffer from inefficient labor markets and ineffective business management. Turkey (40), Mexico (41), the Philippines (42) and Peru (50) also fall.
A matter of perception: Countries’ images abroad
Seven of the top 10 countries in the overall ranking for 2014 are also in the top 10 for having an image abroad that encourages business development, according to an IMD survey of executives based in each of these countries. In general there is a strong correlation between a country’s overall competitiveness ranking and its international image as a place to do business.
“While economic performance changes from year to year, perceptions are longer-term and shift more gradually,” Bris says. “They can also lead to a virtuous circle of better image and better economic performance. So how executives feel their country is being perceived is a potentially useful guide to future competitiveness developments there.”
Illustration by KROMKRATHOG at Free Digital Photos.net
Source: IMD Press release